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Methods 2.1 Study participants 2.2 Photovoice process 3. Conclusion Acknowledgments Notes References Authors Citation 1.
Participants set long-term and short-term financial goals and develop individualized plans to achieve their goals.
Men, women, and children in the Philippines are trafficked for work in a wide range of industries, including domestic work, sex work, online sexual exploitation, fishing, agriculture, construction, and hospitality-related jobs, among others (U. People are also trafficked from the Philippines throughout the Middle East, Asia and North America, with destinations including Malaysia, Japan, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States (ECPAT INTERNATIONAL, 2016; U. When survivors exit human trafficking, the same factors that initially made them vulnerable to human trafficking are often still present; most relevant to the present study, these factors include lack of employment, debt, and the lack of a safety net in times of financial crisis (JOBE, 2010; LE, 2016).
Many trafficking survivors face substantial financial difficulties when re-entering the community after being trafficked, including a lack of access to safe employment, lack of savings, responsibility to repay familial debts, and financial anxiety (BRUNOVSKIS & SURTEES, 2012a; JOBE, 2010; LE, 2016; LISBORG, 2009; RICHARDSON, POUDEL & LAURIE, 2009; SMITH-BRAKE, LIM & NHANH, 2015; TSAI, 2017a, 2017b).
Additionally, a handful of social enterprise businesses have been created in Cebu to provide employment to survivors of human trafficking in the business process outsourcing, handicrafts, and food services industries.
However, these social enterprises are small in scale and vary in their level of sustainability.
BARUG means "to stand up" in Cebuano, signifying that the program endeavors to support the economic self-sufficiency of participants.
BARUG strives to build the capacity of survivors to cope with financial shocks, promote financial security, and support healthy family engagement around finances.
Survivors collaborated with research team members in conducting thematic analysis of transcripts from the photovoice sessions.
Themes included: the positive emotional impact of financial wellness, overcoming the challenges of saving, applying financial management skills in daily decision making, developing a habit of savings, building a future-oriented mindset, receiving guidance and enlightenment, the learning process, and the change process.
Financial stability is often a key priority for survivors themselves upon community re-entry.
For instance, in one study with Filipina and Thai trafficking survivors, participants noted that financial difficulties were their primary concern upon re-entry.
Findings reinforce the importance of interventions to support trafficked persons and their family members in getting out of debt and accumulating emergency savings, while also providing emotional support to survivors in coping with family financial pressures.